• Dragan Kochinski Institute of Public Health, Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Vesna Velikj Stefanovska Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Svetlana Popovska Kljuseva Center for Public Health in Bitola, North Macedonia
  • Enkela Pollozhani Institute of Public Health in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Shaban Memeti Institute of Public Health in Skopje, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, North Macedonia


In 2019, Wuhan registered an epidemic of a severe form of pneumonia. On January 7, 2020, the pathogen was identified as SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19 causes acute and fatal disease with an average mortality rate of 2%. Based on evidences, risk factors include older age, male gender, and ethnicity, as well as presence of comorbidities. Five variants of concern have been identified by WHO. The original variant of Omicron was first reported in Botswana and South Africa in November 2021. The research aimed to analyze the risk factors associated with mortality from Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 in the Republic of North Macedonia. The research was a prospective cross-sectional study that elaborated the mortality from Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 in the Republic of North Macedonia during the period December 2021/2022. The analysis included demographic characteristics, symptomatology, comorbidities, and vaccination status. The analysis showed that the male gender (OR=1.83; 95%CI=1.66-2.02), the age ≥60 (OR=33.98; 95%CI=28.53-40.47), the positive comorbidity status (OR=37.26; 95%CI=30.62-35.54), and hospitalization (OR=362.7; 95%CI=309.7-424.8) significantly positively associated with death from Omicron variant. Complete vaccination and/or booster dose significantly negatively associated with hospitalization and mortality of Omicron variant reducing the probability for hospitalization (46%) and death (56%) respectively. Male patients, older age group and comorbidities positively associated with death from the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2. The results of this study can be used to prepare the national health system for similar future epidemic crises.

Keywords: Omicron SARS-CoV-2, mortality, hospitalization, vaccination


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How to Cite
KOCHINSKI, Dragan et al. RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY FROM OMICRON VARIANT OF SARS-CoV-2 IN REPUBLIC OF NORTH MACEDONIA. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 33-39, apr. 2024. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol7no1-5>. Date accessed: 20 june 2024.