AIR LEAK SYNDROME IN A NEWBORN WITH RESPIRATORY DISTRESS - CASE REPORT

  • Silvana Naunova Timovska University Children's Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Hristina Mandzukovska University Children's Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Tamara Voinovska University Children's Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Spasija Neskova University Children's Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Besim Vejseli University Children's Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Eva Kraljeva University Children's Hospital, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Aleksandra Gavrilovska University clinic for Anesthesia, Reanimation, Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia

Abstract

Air leak syndrome is air accumulation into extra alveolar spaces where it is not normally present, most often resulting from an alveolar rupture with air trapping in the extra pulmonary space. It is more common in neonates with lung diseases such as respiratory distress (RD) or meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Air trapping in the extra pulmonary space can create life-threatening conditions by compression of the lung or major blood vessels and the gas exchange or blood flow can be severely compromised. Air leak syndrome includes the clinical presentation of a group of diseases that have a similar pathophysiological mechanism, such as pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pulmonary interstitial emphysema, pneumopericardium and pneumoperitoneum. Of particular importance has the manifestation of pneumothorax due to the risk of airway collapse, clinical condition call tension pneumothorax. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention.  We present a premature newborn with respiratory distress and air leak syndrome (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema).


Key words: newborn, air leak syndrome, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, respiratory distress.

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Published
2024-05-01
How to Cite
NAUNOVA TIMOVSKA, Silvana et al. AIR LEAK SYNDROME IN A NEWBORN WITH RESPIRATORY DISTRESS - CASE REPORT. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 188-192, may 2024. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol7no1-25>. Date accessed: 20 june 2024.
Section
Case Report