PRIMARY CEREBRAL VASCULITIS AS CAUSE OF ISCHEMIC STROKE - CASE REPORT

  • Angela Aleksovska Faculty of Medical Sciences, University GoceDelcev in Stip, North Macedonia
  • Daniela Ristikj Stomnaroska Department of Neurology,General City Hospital 8th September, Skopje, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University, GoceDelcev – Stip, R.North Macedoina
  • Dimitar Veljanovski Department of Radiology, General City Hospital 8th September- Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Sanja Dzambazovska Zikova Department of Neurology, General City Hospital, 8th September, Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Tatjana Cepreganova Cangovska Faculty of Medical Sciences, University GoceDelcev in Stip, North Macedonia
  • Elena Lickova Department of Neurology, Clinical Hospital Stip, North Macedina

Abstract

Primary vasculitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) is a rare disorder of the blood vessels of the brain and the spinal cord without any evidence of systemic vasculitis. The clinical course of cerebral vasculitis ranges from fulminant to indolent and may be marked by fluctuations in clinical signs. We present the case of a 45 years old male patient who was admitted to our hospital due to exhibiting symptoms consistent with a frontal lobe syndrome. Clinically, he manifested alterations in behavior, apathy, and loss of sphincter control. The initial symptoms he had one month prior to the admission to our hospital were left hemiparesis, confusion and disorientation. Onset at a young age and absence of risk factors indicated the presence of an uncommon cause of stroke. To elucidate the underlying cause, a series of examinations were conducted, including three instances of brain MRI scans, computed tomography angiography, carotid Doppler ultrasound, and an electroencephalogram.The finding of morphologically altered blood vessels, with thickening of the wall of the right internal carotid artery, with reduced and irregular flow, reduced flow speeds and initial vascular resistance along the entire length up to the intracranial entrance does not rule out that it can be one of the forms of vasculitis.


Key words: vasculitis,angiitis, stroke, brain,magnetic resonance imaging.

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Published
2024-05-01
How to Cite
ALEKSOVSKA, Angela et al. PRIMARY CEREBRAL VASCULITIS AS CAUSE OF ISCHEMIC STROKE - CASE REPORT. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 161-165, may 2024. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol7no1-20>. Date accessed: 20 june 2024.
Section
Case Report