BILATERAL CONGENITAL CATARACT IN A NEWBORN- LITERATURE REVIEW AND CASE REPORT

  • Igor Isjanovski PHI University Clinic for Eye Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius, University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Stefan Pandilov PHI University Clinic for Eye Diseases, Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Emilija Gjosevska Dashtevska PHI University Clinic for Eye Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius, University in Skopje, North Macedonia

Abstract

Congenital cataract is the leading cause of childhood blindness. The etiology for its occurrence can be different: metabolic diseases, genetic factors, infectious agents, but mostly idiopathic. The purpose of this paper is to present a case of congenital cataract in a 10-day-old infant who presented with leukocoria in the first days of life, as well as to provide an overview of modern diagnostic and therapeutic modalities in the management of this ophthalmic condition. In the preparation of this topic, medically relevant data obtained from three large databases were used: PubMed, Embase and Scopus. Keywords such as: congenital cataract, newborn, leukocoria, red reflex were used during the search. The obtained data were selected and processed, while the latest and most relevant knowledge from this field was included in the preparation of this paper. Rapid recognition of this condition is important in order to preserve good visual function and avoid the potential complications of its presence: deprivation amblyopia, strabismus, nystagmus and glaucoma.


 Keywords: congenital cataract, leukocoria, red reflex, newborn.

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Published
2023-12-27
How to Cite
ISJANOVSKI, Igor; PANDILOV, Stefan; DASHTEVSKA, Emilija Gjosevska. BILATERAL CONGENITAL CATARACT IN A NEWBORN- LITERATURE REVIEW AND CASE REPORT. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 3, p. 170-175, dec. 2023. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol6no3-22>. Date accessed: 02 mar. 2024.
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Articles