SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF ENDOCARDITIS WITH PRESENTATION IN A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT PATIENT - CASE REPORT

  • Julijana Usprcov University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Angela Kabova Karanfilovik University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Vlatko Karanfilovski University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Adrijana Spasovska University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Aleksandra Canevska Tanevska University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Zaklina Shterjova University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Galina Severova University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Frosina Arnaudova University Clinic for Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Aleksandar Jovkovski University Clinic for Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Oliver Bushljetikj University Clinic for Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Marija Gerakaroska University Clinic for Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Sasho Jovev University Clinic for Cardiac Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Irena Rambabova Bushljetikj University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia
  • Goce Spasovski University Clinic for Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, North Macedonia

Abstract

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious complication in patients with transplanted kidney, leading to graft loss and a high mortality rate. We present a case of native valve endocarditis in a 51-year-old male with transplanted kidney that had atypical clinical course. The patient experienced prolonged subfebrile temperature with paroxysmal arrhythmia and development of cardio-pulmonary insufficiency. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) set the diagnosis of aortic valve vegetation with severe aortic regurgitation and pulmonary edema. We failed to isolate a microbiological agent, but all blood cultures were taken under antibiotic therapy. The patient was treated with surgical replacement of the native aortic valve with mechanical heart valve with significant clinical improvement. Ten days after the intervention, he was discharged with reduced markers of inflammation and proper function of the kidney graft. Immunosuppressive therapy was gradually reinstated. One year later, the patient was clinically stable and with proper graft function. Early diagnostic and therapeutic intervention, particularly intensive antibiotic therapy and surgical management can preserve the patient and the kidney allograft.


Key words: kidney transplantation, endocarditis,cardiac surgery.


 

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Published
2023-11-04
How to Cite
USPRCOV, Julijana et al. SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF ENDOCARDITIS WITH PRESENTATION IN A KIDNEY TRANSPLANT PATIENT - CASE REPORT. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 133-139, nov. 2023. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol6no2-18>. Date accessed: 19 june 2024.
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Articles