CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN MACEDONIAN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN, PREVALENCE AND PREVENTION

  • Biljana Trpkovska Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3509-0264
  • Biljana Zafirova Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9776-6664
  • Julija Zivadinovikj Institute of anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University Ss Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Niki Matveeva Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Elizabet Cadikovska Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Biljana Bojadzieva Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Ace Dodevski Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Anamarija Paunkoska Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Abstract

Assessment of sex-specific differences of anthropometric parameters as indicator of growth and nutritional status in preschool children from Macedonia.The study included a total of 200 healthy preschool children from Macedonian nationality. Thirthteen anthropometric parameters were measured, defining longitudinal, circular and transversal dimensionality of the skeleton using standard technique and instruments for measurement. The following indices were selected and calculated: weight-for –age; height-for-age and BMI. Skin –folds (triceps, scapula, thigh) were also measured. Qualitative examinations were with self-organizing maps. Sex-specific differences for almost all anthropometric parameters were detected, but they were not significant. Girls showed higher values than boys regarding height and weight, but there were no significant differences concerning BMI. Values at the 50th percentile in girls were 20 kg for BW, 108.1 cm for BH and 16.82 kg/m² for BMI. The values of these parameters in boys were 19.75 kg for BW, 108.25 cm for BH and 16.24 for kg/m² for BMI. The values for triceps skin-fold were higher in boys than (13.0 ±3.0) than in girls (12.5 ±3.6).The results obtained can be used as criteria for assessment and detecting deviations in growth and nutritional status in preschool children.


Keywords: anthropometry, growth, nutritional status, preschool children, self organizing maps.


 

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Published
2022-08-31
How to Cite
TRPKOVSKA, Biljana et al. CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN MACEDONIAN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN, PREVALENCE AND PREVENTION. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 79-90, aug. 2022. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol5no2-13>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2022.
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Articles