IMPACT OF INITIAL RENAL INVOLVEMENT AND BENCE JONES PROTEINS IN THE URINE ON OVERALL SURVIVAL OF PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE MYELOMA

  • Svetlana Krstevska Balkanov University Clinic for Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Sanja Trajkova University Clinic of Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Aleksandra Pivkova Veljanovska University Clinic of Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Dejan Spasovski University Clinic for Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Nevenka Ridova University Clinic for Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  • Goce Kalcev University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
  • Irina Panovska Stavridis University Clinic for Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a cancer of plasma cells with a frequency of around 50 cases per million population (pmp)/year. This retrospective study was conducted at the University Clinic for Hematology in Skopje, North Macedonia, in the period between January 2009 and December 2019. The cohort group was consisted of 296 recently diagnosed patients with MM. According to the results of our study, in 47% of patients who did not have renal involvement (RI), the survival rate was more than 60 months. On the other side, the survival percentage in those patients who had ARI (acute renal impairment) was 9% and in those who had CRI (chronic renal impairment) only 10%. Forty percent of patients with a negative Bence Jones proteinuria survived more than 60 months. Besides, only 20% of patients with a positive Bence Jones proteinuria survived more than 60 months. Nowadays, bortezomib is generally used as a first-line drug in the treatment of MM in patients with serious RI. In conclusion, there are various research questions that can differentiate the treatment of patients with MM and RI in the near future.


Keywords: multiple myeloma, overall survival, renal involvement, BJP, impact.


 


 


 


 

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Published
2022-08-31
How to Cite
KRSTEVSKA BALKANOV, Svetlana et al. IMPACT OF INITIAL RENAL INVOLVEMENT AND BENCE JONES PROTEINS IN THE URINE ON OVERALL SURVIVAL OF PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 1-6, aug. 2022. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol5no2-1>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2022.
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Articles