UNDERWEIGHT, OVERWEIGHT, GENERAL AND CENTRAL OBESITY IN 5-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN FROM NORTH MACEDONIA

  • Biljana Zafirova Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9776-6664
  • Elizabeta Chadikovska Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia
  • Biljana Trpkovska Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3509-0264
  • Biljana Bojadzieva Stojanoska Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia
  • Ace Dodevski Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the distribution of underweight, overweight, and the general and central obesity in 5-year-old children from North Macedonia, through the use of the anthropometric indices, BMI for general and WHR for central or abdominal obesity. In this study, a total of 248 children (124 boys and 124 girls) are investigated. Anthropometric indicators are measured using a standard protocol. We select four parameters to measure (weight and height) and two circumferences (waist WC and hip HC). The following indices are taken into consideration: Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). The percentile distribution of the tested variables was done by gender. Some anthropometric parameters (weight, height, and BMI) have shown significant sex-specific differences in favour of boys, with exception of circumference and WHR. Overweight occurs in 5.65% of the boys and 12.1% of the girls, and obesity occurs in 10.48% of boys and 4.84% of the girls. The underweight is 4.84 % of the boys and 5.64% of the girls. Central or abdominal obesity across cut-off points (WHR and WC-for-age >=90th percentile) occurs in 13.7 % and 12.9 % of the boys and 12.1 % and 10.48% of the girls respectively.  Central obesity, as well as general obesity, is more frequent in boys than girls. These results and the determination of BMI, WC, and WHR cut-off values can be used for estimating underweight, overweight, general, and central obesity and consequences associated with it in children aged 5 years from North Macedonia. 


Keywords: BMI, WC, WHR, children, overweight, central obesity, underweight.


https://doi.org/10.55302/JMS2251119z

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Published
2022-05-04
How to Cite
ZAFIROVA, Biljana et al. UNDERWEIGHT, OVERWEIGHT, GENERAL AND CENTRAL OBESITY IN 5-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN FROM NORTH MACEDONIA. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 119-126, may 2022. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/vol5no1-16>. Date accessed: 25 june 2022.
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Articles