RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE CLINICAL LABORATOIRES - USE OF THE FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA)

  • Katerina Tosheska-Trajkovska Department of Medical and Experimental Biochemistry, Medical Faculty-Skopje
  • Irena Kostovska
  • Danica Labudovic
  • Julijana Brezovska
  • Svetlana Cekovska
  • Jasna Bogdanska
  • Marija Krstevska
  • Natasa Toseska Spasova
  • Goran Nikolov
  • Sefedin Biljali
  • Sonja Topuzovska

Abstract

Introduction: Risk Management Process consists of a series of steps that, when undertaken  in  sequence, enable continual improvement in decision making. Failure Modes and Effects  Analysis (FMEA) is systematic method of identifying and preventing product and process problems before they occur.


Objective: To present FMEA as a tool for risk managing and improvement in a public clinical laboratory.


Methods: We studied the failure modes that might occur in the total testing process (TTP) . Each failure mode was ranked on estimated frequency of occurrence (O), detection (D) and severity (S), each on a scale of 1–4. Failure risks were calculated by Risk Priority Numbers (RPNs) = O × D × S.


Results: We used FMEA, including technical risks as well as risks related to human failure in assessment of analytical procedures. FMEA was applied in two stages: at the beginning of the project and after the implementation of the proposed measures. The analytical method was broken down into process steps and we identified possible failure modes for each step. Failure modes with the highest RPN scores were subjected to corrective actions.


Conclusion: We recommend risk analysis as an addition to the usual analytical validation, as the FMEA proved to be a reliable tool for detection of previously unidentified risks.


Key words: FMEA, risk management, clinical laboratory

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Published
2019-06-28
How to Cite
TOSHESKA-TRAJKOVSKA, Katerina et al. RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE CLINICAL LABORATOIRES - USE OF THE FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA). Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 61-67, june 2019. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <http://jms.mk/jms/article/view/69>. Date accessed: 19 july 2019.
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Articles