OWNERSHIP OF A DENTAL OFFICE AS A FACTOR OF DENTAL TOURISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF NORTH MACEDONIA
Dental tourism is considered as part of medical tourism and means travel abroad in order to receive dental services, which are usually more expensive in the home country. The Republic of North Macedonia with its geographical location is a current European destination for dental tourism. The study aimed to indicate certain experiences in the field of dental tourism in the Republic of North Macedonia according to the ownership of a dental office. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the period from 15.02.2018 to 14.02.2019. The sample consisted of 215 dentists. A non-standardized questionnaire was used and applied with the Google Forms service. The responses of 215 dentists were analyzed; 131 (60.93%) were owners of a dental office and 84 (39.07%) were not owners of a dental office. There was no significant association between the ownership of a dental office and years of experience in working with foreigners, for Pearson Chi square = 5.05 and p> 0.05 (p = 0.28). There was a significant association between the ownership of a dental office and the statement of the share of foreigners in the total income of the office, for Pearson Chi square = 9.47 and p <0.05 (p = 0.04). A negative correlation was found between the answers to the analyzed questions and the number of dentists, depending on the ownership of the office.
Keywords: dental tourism, ownership, dental office.
2. ADA.org: Statement of the ADA Council on Ethics, Bylaws and Judicial Affairs on Dental Tourism - Ethical Obligations of Dentists. American Dental Association Aug. 2009; rev. Nov. 2009.
3. Buneta N. Poduzetničke strategije u dentalnom turizmu u Republici Hrvatskoj [Završni specijalistički]. Zagreb: Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Ekonomski fakultet; 2016. Dostupno na: https://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:148:257342
4. Resumović H. Razvoj dentalnog turizma u Republici Hrvatskoj. Sveučilište u Rijeci; 2016.
5. Pestek A, Tihi B. Razvoj dentalnog turizma na podrucju sarajeva. Vol. 21, Acta turistica. Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Ekonomski fakultet Zagreb; 2009 Dec.
6. Dhama K, Patthi B, Singla A, Gupta R, Niraj LK, Ali I, et al. Global tourist guide to oral care - A systematic review [Internet]. Vol. 10, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research; 2016 [cited 2020 Sep 13]. p. ZE01. Available from: /pmc/articles/PMC5072095/
7. European Hospital and Healthcare Federation (HOPE). Medical Tourism Report. HOPE Publications, Belgium; September 2015.
8. Cuamea V , Medina JCM, Estrada ARG. Dental tourism: Key factors that influence the selection of a dental clinic in a border region. Int J Adv Res. 2017; 5(7), 2713-2721. doi:10.21474/IJAR01/5015.
9. Turner L. “Dental tourism”: Issues surrounding cross-border travel for dental care. J Canad Dent Assoc. 2009;75:117–19. [PubMed].
10. Kovacs E, Szocska G, Torok B, Ragany K. Why is Hungary the main destination country in dental tourism? Why do patients choose Hungary for dental care? Hungarian Case Study on dental care and patient flow. ECAB project (Grand agreement 240258), 2013; Достапно: http://semmelweis.hu/emk/files/2013/02/Final_case_study_web.pdf .
11. Winkelman TNA, Caldwell MT, Bertram B, Davis MM. Promoting health literacy for children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6):e20161937.
12. Zoltan J, Maggi R. What is Tourism in Dental Tourism? Faculty of Economics, University of Lugano, Switzerland; 2010.
13. Adams K. The case of “Molar City”, Mexico: An ethical examination of medical tourism industry practices (Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy).Simon Fraser University;2017 (пристапено на 23.03.2019) Достапно на: http://summit.sfu.ca/item/17985
14. Kakar H, Gambhir RS, Singh S, Kaur A, Nanda T. Informed consent: corner stone in ethical medical and dental practice. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014;3(1):68-71.