TREATMENT OF COMMON DENTAL INJURIES DURING SPORT ACTIVITIES -CASE REPORT

  • Aneta Mijoska Department for Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia
  • Sasho Jovanovski Department for Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, R. North Macedonia

Abstract

Several different sports like karate, handball, basketball, or some other sport activities like riding a bike or roller skaters often cause dental trauma in young patients. Accidental falls, impacts and hits play major role in these injures, sometimes even with serious health impact. Soft tissue trauma presents a high percentage of injures, but 40% are dental traumas, and upper maxillary incisors are most affected.Fractured or lost upper first maxillary incisor demands immediate restoration. Prosthetic solutions for different sport facial and dental traumas are crowns, removable partial dentures or implants. Managing the pain fast with different treatment choices like extraction of the tooth, endodontic treatments and early temporary prosthetic therapy protocols are showing good results. Individual approach for every type of trauma is needed, and most of the patients are accepting the suggested treatment plan. Restored teeth show good aesthetic and function solutions, too. Choosing the best therapy treatments in these patients is very important, because dental trauma can also cause some psychological and social problems. Immediate treatment is necessary, and proper restoring often demands a team effort.


Keywords: sport dental injuries, fracture, mouthguards.

References

1. Levin L, Friedlander LD, Geiger SB. Dental and oral trauma and mouthguard use during
sport activities in Israel. Dent Traumatol 2003; 19:237-242.
2. Kumamoto DP, Maeda Y. A literature review of sports-related orofacial trauma. Sports Dentistry 2003; 270-278.
3. Tuli T, Hachl O, Hohlrieder M, Grubwieser G, Gassner R. Dentofacial trauma in sport accidents. Gen Dent 2002; 50:274-279.
4. Ferrari CH, Ferreria de Mederios JM. Dental trauma and level of information: Mouthguard use in different contact sports. Dent Traumatol 2002; 18:144-147.
5. Uchida T, Nakamura E, Suzuki T, Amano D, Kobori Y,Matsushita K, Horimukai H, Fujiwara T. A clinicostatistical study of maxillofacial fractures in the Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Sapporo General Hospital, Hokkaido. J Dent Sci 2001; 22:37-43.
6. Scuderi G.R., Mc Cann P.D.: Sports Medicine, a Comprehensive Approach. Philadelphia 2005; 166-175
7. Petersson E E, Andersson L, Sorensen S: Traumatic oral vs non-oral injuries. Swed Dent J 1997; 21: 55–68.
8. Shirani G, Kalantar Motamedi M H, Ashuri A, Eshkevari P S: Prevalence and patterns of combat sport related maxillofacial injuries. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2010; (3): 314–317.
9. Levin L, Friedlander LD, Geiger SB. Dental and oral trauma and mouthguard use during sport activities in Israel. Dent Traumatol 2003; 19(5):237-42.
10. Cohenca N, Roges RA, Roges R. The incidence and severity of dental trauma in intercollegiate athletes. JADA 2007; (138): 1121-1126.
11. Sae-Lim, V, Lim, L.P. 2001. Dental trauma management awareness of Singapore pre-school teachers. Dental Traumatol. 17:71-76.
12. Tesini David A, Soporowski Nancy Jo; Epidemiology of Orofacial Sports Related Injuries; Dental Clinics of North America 2000; 44(1): 1-18.
13. Pinkham JR, Kohn DW; Epidemiology and Prediction of Sports Related Traumatic Injuries; Dental Clinics of North America 1991; 35(4): 609-626.
14. Agali CR, Mathur A, Suvarna M, Verma S, Ghosh S. Insight to Epidemiology of Sports Related Dental Injuries; International Journal of Oral Health and Medical Research. 2016; 2(6): 141-144.
15. Newsome P, Tran D, Cooke M. The role of the mouthguard in the prevention of sports-related dental injuries: A review. Int J Paediatr Dent 2001; 11(6):396-404.
16. Kumamoto D, Maeda Y. Global trends and epidemiology of sports injuries. J Pediatr Dent Care 2005; 11(2):15-25.
17. Takeda T, Ishigami K, Nakajima K, et al. Are all mouth¬guards the same and safe to use? Part 2. The influence of anterior occlusion against a direct impact on maxillaryincisors. Dent Traumatol 2008; 24(3); 360-5.
18. Fos P, Pinkham JR, Ranalli DN. Prediction of sports-related dental traumatic injuries. Dent Clin North Am 2000; 44(1):19-33.
19. Takeda T, Ishigami K, Nakajima K, et al. Are all mouth¬guards the same and safe to use? Part 2. The influence of anterior occlusion against a direct impact on maxillaryincisors. Dent Traumatol 2008; 24(3); 360-5.
20. Lalloo R. Risk factors for major injuries to the face and teeth. Dent Traumatol 2003; 19(1):12-14.
21. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Policy on prevention of sports-related orofacial injuries. The Reference Manual of Pediatric Dentistry. Chicago, Ill.: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry; 2021:110-5. 22.
22. Badel T, Jerolimov V, Pandurić J, Carek V. Individualni sportski stitnik za zube i prevencija orofacijalnih sportskih ozljeda [Custom-made mouthguards and prevention of orofacial injuries in sports]. Acta Med Croatica. 2007;61 Suppl 1:9-14.
23. Тanaka Y, Maeda Y, Yang TC, Ando T, Tauchi Y, Miyanaga H. Prevention of orofacial injury via the use of mouthguards among young male rugby players. Int J Sports Med. 2015; 36(3):254-6.
Published
2021-12-24
How to Cite
MIJOSKA, Aneta; JOVANOVSKI, Sasho. TREATMENT OF COMMON DENTAL INJURIES DURING SPORT ACTIVITIES -CASE REPORT. Journal of Morphological Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 3, p. 27-32, dec. 2021. ISSN 2545-4706. Available at: <https://jms.mk/jms/article/view/280>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2022.
Section
Articles